#NaPoWriMo Day 26 ‘Once Upon a Summer Dream’


Poetry Challenge Day 26

Today write a poem that uses repetition. You can repeat a word, or phrase. You can even repeat an image, perhaps slightly changing or enlarging it from stanza to stanza, to alter its meaning. There are (perhaps paradoxically) infinite possibilities in repetition. Want to look at some examples? Perhaps you’ll find inspiration in Joanna Klink’sSome Feel Rain or John Pluecker’s So Many.”

Happy writing!

Kevin McIver butterfly-776378_1280.jpg

‘Once Upon a Summer Dream’ ( Pantoum)

Once upon a summer dream,
in a meadow fragrant, sweet
by a gently flowing stream
Mother Nature’s creatures meet.

In a meadow fragrant, sweet
dancing butterflies and bees,
along with other creatures meet
lured by scents upon the breeze.

Dancing butterflies and bees,
are close now to that special treat.
Lured by scents upon the breeze,
in the seasons pleasant heat.

Before them now the special treat,
golden nectar from the flowers
sticky in the seasons heat
a pleasure to devour.

Sipping nectar from the flowers
listening to the flowing stream.
This gift from God they all devour,
right here amidst their summer dream

Copyright © April 2019 Rose English


Basic Guidelines for How to Write a Pantoum

  1. Remember that a pantoum is similar to a villanelle, with lines repeating throughout the poem
  2. Contains a series of quatrains (stanzas of four lines), that rhyme abab until the final stanza (you’ll see why in number 5)
  3. Repeat the 2nd and 4th lines of each stanza as the 1st and 3rd lines in the stanza that follows. For example:

Stanza 1 lines: A B C D
Stanza 2 lines: B E D F
Stanza 3 lines: E G F H
Stanza 4 lines: G I H J

  1. Continue for any number of stanzas
  2. Switch it up in the final stanza: last line grabs 1st line from very first stanza, 2nd line grabs 3rd line from very first stanza

Final Stanza lines: I C J A

  1. Get fancy? Alter your repeating line meanings by punning, moving punctuation, changing context, or substituting one or two words without losing the overall sense that it is the same line
  2. Unlike the villanelle, which can be fairly comic if one wishes, the pantoum tends to ruminate. Great for when you are feeling out-of-sorts.

Thank you for Visiting


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